Situated in the Judaean hills: became capital of the Hebrew kingdom after its capture by David around 1000 B.C.; destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 586 B.C.; taken by the Romans in 63 B.C.; devastated in 70 A.D. and 135 A.D. during the Jewish rebellions against Rome; fell to the Arabs in 637 and to the Seljuk Turks in 1071; ruled by Crusaders from 1099 to 1187 and by the Egyptians and Turks until conquered by the British (1917); centre of the British mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1948, when the Arabs took the old city and the Jews held the new city; unified after the Six Day War (1967) under the Israelis; the holy city of Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
[extracted from Collins English Dictionary]
1. The State of Israel announces the city as its capital, but such a status is not recognized by international community, and so the embassies remain in Tel Aviv.
2. There is an interesting word play in the story that was destroyed in the translation into English language. Tiphares’ name in the original is Salem, while Ketheres’ name is Jeru. Joining the two cities, we have the most important city in the history of the greatest religions in the world. Unfortunately, some translators want to be more creative than the original writers.